Many people who consider filing a trademark application wonder what information or documents they need for submitting the application. Title 37 of the Code of Federal Regulations sets forth the requirements for a complete trademark or service mark application. Pursuant to this regulation, the application must be in English and shall include all of the following:
1) A Trademark Application Must Include the Name, Citizenship and Address of the Applicant
First of all, a trademark or service mark application shall include the name, the citizenship and the address of the applicant. 37 C.F.R § 2.32(a). It should be noted that only the owner of the mark can apply for the registration of the mark. 15 U.S.C. 1051(a). This is a statutory requirement and cannot be waived. Chien Ming Huang v. Tzu Wei Chen Food Co. Ltd. (Fed. Cir. 1988) 849 F.2d 1458, 1460. A license to use a trademark does not make the licensee an owner of the mark. Norden Restaurant Corp. v. Sons of Revolution in State of N.Y. (1980) 51 N.Y.2d 518, 522. Hence, even a licensee cannot file a trademark application.
2) The Drawing of the Mark Shall be Included in the Trademark Application
To be considered complete, a trademark or service mark application shall include the drawing of the mark. 37 C.F.R § 2.32(c). The drawing is a clear depiction of the mark which shows how the registered mark will look like. The drawing can be (a) in standard characters without claim to any particular font style, size or color, or (b) a special form drawing when the mark includes a two or three dimensional design, or characters in a particular font style or size. If the mark is not in standard characters the application shall also include a description of the mark. Id. § 2.32(a)(8).
3) The Applicant shall Identify the Goods or Services in the Application
In the application for registration the applicant must identify the goods or services in connection to which the applicant uses or intends to use the mark. Id. § 2.32(a)(6). The application shall also state the international class of good or services, if known. Id. § 2.32(a)(6). It should be noted that the classification of goods and services is only for the United States Patent and Trademark Office administration and cannot prejudice the rights of the applicant. Mobil Oil Corp. v. Walter Kidde & Co. (T.T.A.B. 1970) 167 U.S.P.Q. 478. The list of the classes of goods and services can be found in the Section 6.1 of the Title 37 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
4) The Applicant shall Specify the Basis for Filing the Application
The application must include one or more bases for filing the application. 37 C.F.R § 2.32(a)(5). The application must be based on one of the following grounds:
(a) Use in commerce, in which case the applicant must state that the mark is in use in commerce, must state the first date the mark was used anywhere in connection to goods or services, the first date of the use of the mark in commerce, and must attach one specimen showing how the applicant uses the mark in commerce;
(b) Intent to use, in which case the applicant must verify that he has a bona fide intention to use the mark in commerce;
(c) Registration of the mark in a foreign applicant’s country of origin, in which case the applicant must state that he has a bona fide intent to use the mark in commerce and must attach a copy of the registration of the mark in applicant’s home country;
(d) Claim of priority based upon an earlier filed foreign application;
(e) Extension of protection of an international registration. Id. § 2.34(a).
5) The Application shall also Include a Verified Statement and the Required Fee
The application must include a verified statement. Id. § 2.32(b). The main purpose of the verified statement is to certify that the facts set forth in the application are true. The application shall be signed by the applicant or by someone who is properly authorized to sign on behalf of the applicant. The applicant shall also pay the filing fee for each class of goods and services. Id. § 2.32(d). The application fee varies depending on filing the application on paper or through Trademark Electronic Application System.
A trademark application will be complete only if the United States Patent and Trademark Office receives all the items mentioned above.
If you have questions regarding trademark applications or any other business law questions give us a call and receive a free consultation with one of our experienced Glendale business lawyers.
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