California Temporary Restraining Orders “TRO”
A Temporary Restraining Order, “TRO”, is issued by a court which temporarily protects people from Civil Harassment, Workplace Violence, Domestic Violence, and Elder Abuse or Dependent Adult Abuse. A TRO directs the abuser to not contact and abuse the victim. It regulates and restricts the behavior of the abuser. A TRO is generally issued for 21 days. In some cases it can last a bit longer, usually until the abuser is served with the TRO. There are several types of Restraining Orders.
Domestic Violence Restraining Orders
Domestic Violence Restraining Orders – Domestic Violence Restraining Orders require a special relationship between the parties such as: married or registered domestic partners, divorced or separated, dating or used to date, living together or used to live together, or persons closely related by blood such as parent, child, brother, sister, grandmother, grandfather, in-law.
How to Obtain a Domestic Violence Restraining Order?
To obtain a domestic violence restraining order the victim must prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the victim has suffered some type of abuse which could include bodily injury, including causing or attempted to cause bodily injury, sexual assault, or show that the victim has been placed in reasonable apprehension of receiving imminent serious bodily injury.
Workplace Violence Restraining Orders
Workplace Violence – An employer may obtain a restraining order to protect an employee from being subjected to unnecessary violence and threats of violence at the workplace. The restraining order extends protection to certain family members or household members and other employees at the workplace.
Civil Harassment Restraining Orders
Civil Harassment – Restraining Orders involving Civil Harassment(s) there does not need to be a special relation between the parties. A civil harassment restraining order is issued when a person is being subjected to stalking, threat of violent, sexual assault, or some kind of harassment, such as unlawful assault and battery or conduct that severely alarms, annoys, or harasses the other person and serves no legitimate purpose. Civil harassment restraining orders are usually issued between neighbors, roommate, friend, family member more than 2 degrees removed, like an aunt or uncle, a niece or nephew, cousins, and more distant relatives, or strangers. A few scenarios considered as “harassment” by the court include:
- Repeatedly calling, emailing, texting, the victim’s home or at their place of employment;
- Keeping the victim under surveillance by following and/or remaining present outside their school, home, or at the victim’s place of employment
- Repeatedly following the victim about in a public place or places;
- Videotaping or taking photographs of the victim at their home
Elder or Dependent Adult Abuse Restraining Order
Elder or Dependent Adult Abuse – An elder or dependent adult may request a restraining order to seek protection against abuse. An elder is defined as anyone 65 years or older and a Dependent Adult is a person between the ages of 18 and 64 years of age that has disabilities that prevent that person from performing the normal activities in life. The restraining order may be filed for the elder or dependent adult by a conservator or a trustee of the elder or dependent adult, a guardian ad litem, or any person legally authorized to seek relief.
The TRO Process in California
For a person to obtain a TRO in California, that person must go to court and fill out the required paperwork explaining to the judge what occurred and why that person needs a restraining order. This person can ask the judge to issue a Temporary Restraining Order without notifying the other party. Most judges are inclined to issue the Temporary Restraining Order if enough facts demonstrate the need for a restraining order. The Temporary Restraining Order is valid and in effect until the actual court hearing, which is scheduled three weeks after issuing the TRO. The person obtaining the TRO must have the court papers and TRO served on the other party within five days of the scheduled court hearing. It is after personal service the TRO is in full force and effect. This means there must be proof that the defendant was personally served with the TRO.
Get Help Defending a Restraining Order from an Experienced Restraining Order Lawyer
Hire the most dedicated Los Angeles restraining order attorney. Our attorneys at KAASS LAW are highly dedicated to help our clients in every way possible. You can rely on our experienced restraining order lawyer to carefully analyze the facts of your case to prove the facts necessary. Whether you would like to to have a restraining order filed against a person, or if you are in need of defense against a restraining order. We back all of our clients and we invite you to give us a toll free call at (310) 943-1171 to speak to our experienced restraining order lawyers today.